Term Definition

Francisco Endara D.

Right to property is defined as the right of every person to enjoy of the result of her/his work. People have two main and basic rights by virtue of being human beings: right to life and right to liberty. From these two the right to property is derived. When right to property is misunderstood or diminished, the right to life and/or the right to liberty are seriously affected. The right to property is born in the principle that a person owns his/her

Yavnika Khanna

Reason is what sets humans apart from any other being. Without reason we would be slaves to mindless action. It is a unique prowess with which each of us assesses the world around ourselves. Each one of us is subject to different stimuli and form our own reasoning capacities. The important thing is that the more we discuss and share viewpoints, the more we give a chance for reason or logic to prevail in this world. Institutions which promote reason and

Wang Qiaoling

Responsibility means one should pay the price oneself for what one chooses to do. Seen from a liberal standpoint, responsibility is an intrinsic part of liberty. No true liberty exists without responsibility. For only when one has to bear the cost of one’s choices all by oneself, enjoyment of freedom will not hurt others’ rights and liberties. Otherwise, people are likely to be forced into a situation against their own will. And on the other

The opposite of ARBITRARY RULE. The RULE OF LAW means that the LAW is supreme, no one is above the LAW and that everyone and every legal entity is subject to the same LAW irrespective of power and status. The important principle of equality under the LAW follows from the concept that the LAW applies to all. RULE OF LAW is a precondition for the respect and implementation of RIGHTs. Indeed, many RIGHTS are inherent in – or derive from - the concept of RULE OF LAW (eg, the

Janho Engelbrecht

Secularism is generally the assertion that certain practices or institutions should exist separately from religion or religious beliefs. Thus, in political terms, the secular state is a state where there is a clear separation of religion and government (often termed the separation of church and state). This can refer to reducing ties between a government and a state religion, replacing laws based on scripture (such as the Ten Commandments and Sharia law)

Agreement among all the people in a society to give up part of their freedom so that a government can perform certain tasks deemed necessary in return for protection of their NATURAL RIGHTS. The concept was developed by John Locke to explain the origin of legitimate government.
In a liberal STATE only those decisions are subjected to binding majority decision, where this is absolutely necessary. There are fewer of these than is generally assumed. According to the principle of subsidiarity individual CITIZENs should only relinquish such RIGHTS and duties of decision-making that, for substantive reasons, cannot be dealt with at the individual level.

Michael Frank A. Alar

Encarta and Merriam-Webster definitions of “tolerance” associate the term with “acceptance”, “sympathy”, “allowance” and “indulgence” for differing beliefs and views, be they political or religious, as well as with “fairness” to those whose views differ. Liberal tolerance, however, has limits that Ludwig von Mises, a classical liberal, discusses below:

Leszek Jazdzewski

For liberalism truth understood in a particular way is a fundamental value. The very important difference between liberalism and other political ideologies is that for liberalism reality – the truth – comes first. The core of liberalism is to constantly question itself in order to seek for truth. Liberal ideology is based on the practice of social life, eg, that free markets work better than a planned economy and that liberal democracy is a

Debbie Schafer

The welfare state is a political system based on the premise that the government (and not the individual, corporations, or the local community) has the responsibility of ensuring that a minimum standard of living is within everyone's reach. There are three main interpretations of the idea of a welfare state (according to a Wikipedia entry on the subject): -- the provision of welfare services directly by the state. -- an ideal model in which the

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Compiled and edited by Dr. Stefan Melnik, a senior advisor to the Friedrich Naumann Foundation as well as political communication trainer, editor and author of many books on liberalism. Names of outside contributors are respectively mentioned under the terms.

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